History is a fascinating subject, full of interesting people, places, events and colourful stories about the lives of others before us. It is the belief of the department that the lives of everyone who studies the past will be enriched for knowing about the influences that have shaped and made them the people they are. Knowing about the past is a rewarding and fruitful study which offers a window into different times and places and where people lived much different lives to our own. Sharing our heritage is essential to the education of every child if we are to develop our students into mature, considerate adults, capable of forming their own opinions and making decisions about their life with surety and understanding.

Learning History has relevance for all pupils regardless of age, gender, ethnicity or ability. Provision is made for all students to be able to learn about History at The Connaught School.

History is an essential part of the balanced, broad and relevant curriculum. It stimulates pupils’ curiosity about the way of life of people living in the past, in the local area, in Britain and in the wider world. By engaging with the past, pupils develop their understanding of the characteristic features and diversity of British society and of the range of societies, political structures, cultures and beliefs that influenced the actions of people in the past. Pupils develop their individual and collective sense of identity and learn to appreciate the diversity of human experience, by understanding and valuing their own and others’ inheritance. The acquisition of an historical perspective is a valuable asset to understanding the present. Historical understanding informs our questions, judgements and decisions about contemporary human actions and events and future possibilities.

Skills of historical enquiry and communication are essential components in developing an appreciation of the nature of evidence. Pupils develop their ability to use the distinctive, disciplined, problem solving methods of historians through a range of critical enquiry, thinking and communication skills. History emphasises the value of rational explanation and is a vital element in assisting the development of enquiring and disciplined minds in young people. Moreover, History stimulates and arouses interest in the past in its own right and as a source of curiosity and imaginative involvement.

History can support understanding in other curriculum areas by providing a context and perspective for study and by providing specialist skills to allow this to take place.

Year by year curriculum

We have broken the essential key skills into the following: Communication, Change over time (chronology, change & continuity), Significance, causes & consequences, diversity, interpretation and evidence analysis.

In all years we endeavour to enthuse and excite pupils about History.   Range of props and historical costumes are used in lessons.

The KS3 curriculum in each year aims to build upon themes and topics studied the previous and following year(s).  Events and periods of time may be studied more than once throughout KS3, but with the focus on different aspects- e.g. the Victorians will be studied in many themes such as housing & fashion, medicine, technology, empire, warfare, politics.

Year 7

Year 7 History is divided into four key themes.  The first theme is `Society through time`; this helps pupils to develop their basic chronology skills and teaches them about the chronology, changes and continuities of human development, housing, fashion, education, crime & punishment and economic & class systems.  The second theme is `Medicine though time`; this helps to prepare pupils for later GCSE topics and by studying this fascinating and gruesome topic, pupils can understand how we have gone from pre-historic medicine to the NHS, and the significance of the developments that affect their everyday health.  The third theme is `Religion through time`, in which the key focus is on the developments and significance of two key religions- Christianity and Islam.  World events are closely entwined with religion, and it is through turning points such as the birth of the Catholic Church, Medieval church beliefs, the Crusades and the Reformation, which we can better understand the state of the world today.  The last theme in Year 7 is `Technology through time`; this helps pupils to understand and appreciate that the gadgets that they take for granted today, have come as a result of hard work, innovative ideas and famous entrepreneurs. Events studied in technology through time cover inventions of the ancient and early modern period, inventions of the Industrial Revolution and 20th / 21st century developments.

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Year 8

Year 8 History is broken into two themes; `Empires through time` & `Warfare through time`.  In `Empires through time` pupils learn about the changing relationship of the UK, and also it’s relationships with France, and the rest of the world, such as; the Americas, Caribbean, India, Nepal, Africa (including the Transatlantic Slave Trade) and Australia.  During the periods of Empire, many wars were fought, the details of these wars are investigated in the warfare topic, where methods and key battles from Ancient to modern History are analysed.  Wars and Battles studied include; the Battle of Hastings, the Hundred Years War, the War of the Roses, Battle of Bosworth, the development of the Army, Navy and air force, the English Civil War, the Napoleonic & Peninsular Wars, the Crimean War, the First & Second World Wars, the Cold War.

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Year 9

Year 9 History is broken into two themes; `Human Rights & The Holocaust`, and `Politics through time`. In `Human Rights & The Holocaust` pupils follow a programme of study based on the international education charity Facing History and Ourselves (FHAO). Pupils study the concepts of human rights, the Russian Revolution and life for particular groups (Jewish, disabled, Black, homosexual peoples) in Nazi Germany in the 1930s & 40s.  Through FHAO pupils are given an amazing insight into ethical issues of the past and use their learning to reflect on the modern world. The second theme, `Politics through time` helps pupils to develop their understanding of key political movements and political parties.  In this topic pupils study the people and groups that demanded the right to vote, and they learn about famous & current monarchs and politicians (e.g Disraeli, Gladstone, Churchill, Attlee, Thatcher).

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Current Year 11: Study OCR Modern World History.  Pupils study:  Weimar & Nazi Germany 1918-45; the Cold War 1945-75 (including The Vietnam War); and Britain 1939-75. The controlled assessment is focused on the USA 1919-41.

Current Year 10 and future GCSE groups

Study OCR Schools History Project. The topics are: Weimar & Nazi Germany 1918-45; Medicine through time; and Public Health in Britain 1800-1914. The Controlled assessment is focused on The Tower of London.  There is a compulsory field work trip to The Tower of London.

The exams include extended writing questions and source analysis questions.  Good spelling, grammar and punctuation / clear written communication, are essential for GCSE History.

History GCSE is an optional GCSE choice, but is advisable to take if you wish to achieve the English Baccalaureate.

Year 10 Overview
Year 11 Overview

Extra curricular

Year 7 trip: Winchester Cathedral & town investigation

Year 8 trip: Portsmouth Historic Dockyard

Year 9 trip: Imperial War Museum, London

GCSE trip: The Tower of London

Foreign or Residential trips: First World War Battlefields (France & Belgium), The Ironbridge Gorge Museums, Shropshire.

Additional reward trips: London Dungeons, the Bank of England Museum, the museum of London.

Additional Archaeology club: Runs in the spring and summer; guest speakers bring in archaeological finds and explain archaeological digs.  Trips to archaeological digs when available- for example pupils have visited Silchester Roman excavations, and Winchester Leper hospital excavations.

KS3 booster sessions: Run sporadically throughout the year; sessions are tailored to help support specific groups of pupils to improve their key skills in History.

GCSE Revision sessions: Run after school and at lunchtimes.  Additional holiday revision sessions also take place.

Guest visitors throughout the year: speakers from local colleges, weapons specialist, Holocaust survivor.

Where this subject can take you

The skills you learn in History (such as stronger literacy, investigative analysis, an understanding of different groups of people), can lead you to a whole host of careers.

In particular, jobs which are associated with studying History are: law, journalism, education (teaching), acting, professional writer, TV & radio production, artist, librarian, politician, business leader, archaeologist, social work, museums, record & archive offices, police/detective, army/Navy/airforce, heritage charities (e.g. historic buildings), tourist guide.